Capital: Naypyidaw (established in November of 2005).
Previous capital, Yangon (Rangoon), populace 6 million.
Mandalay, populace 925,000.
Myanmar, (in the past known as "Burma"), experienced critical political changes in 2011. Its current president is Thein Sein, who was chosen the first non-break non military personnel president of Myanmar in 49 years.
The nation's assembly, the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw, has two houses: the upper 224-seat Amyotha Hluttaw (House of Nationalities) and the bring down 440-seat Pyithu Hluttaw (House of Representatives). Despite the fact that the military no more runs Myanmar inside and out, it does still name countless - 56 of the upper house parts, and 110 of lower house parts are military representatives. The staying 168 and 330 parts, separately, are chosen by the individuals. Aung San Suu Kyi, who won an unsuccessful law based presidential race in December of 1990 and afterward was held under house capture for a large portion of the accompanying two decades, is presently a part of the Pyithu Hluttaw speaking to Kawhmu.
The authority dialect of Myanmar is Burmese, a Sino-Tibetan dialect that is the local tongue of somewhat more than 50% of the nation's kin.
The administration additionally formally perceives a few minority dialects that prevail in Myanmar's Autonomous States: Jingpho, Mon, Karen, and Shan.
Myanmar likely has around 55.5 million individuals, in spite of the fact that statistics figures are viewed as temperamental. Myanmar is an exporter of both vagrant laborers (with a few million in Thailand alone), and of exiles. Burmese displaced people add up to more than 300,000 individuals in neighboring Thailand, India, Bangladesh, and Malaysia.
The administration of Myanmar formally perceives 135 ethnic gatherings. By a long shot the biggest is the Bamar, at around 68%. Huge minorities incorporate the Shan (10%), Kayin (7%), Rakhine (4%), ethnic Chinese (3%), Mon (2%), and ethnic Indians (2%). There are additionally little quantities of Kachin, Anglo-Indians, and Chin.
Myanmar is fundamentally a Theravada Buddhist society, with around 89% of the populace. Most Burmese are exceptionally dedicated, and treat friars with incredible admiration.
The administration does not control religious practice in Myanmar. Subsequently, minority religions exist straightforwardly, including Christianity (4% of the populace), Islam (4%), Animism (1%), and little gatherings of Hindus, Taoists, and Mahayana Buddhists.
Myanmar is the biggest nation in terrain Southeast Asia, with a territory of 261,970 square miles (678,500 square kilometers).
The nation is verged on the northwest by India and Bangladesh, on the northeast by Tibet and China, by Laos and Thailand to the southeast, and by the Bay of Bengal and Andaman Sea to the south. Myanmar's coastline is around 1,200 miles in length (1,930 kilometers).
The most elevated point in Myanmar is Hkakabo Razi, with a height of 19,295 feet (5,881 meters). Myanmar's real waterways are the Irrawaddy, Thanlwin, and Sittang.
The atmosphere of Myanmar is managed by the storms, which raise to 200 inches (5,000 mm) of downpour to waterfront districts each one late spring. The "dry zone" of inside Burma still gets up to 40 creeps (1,000 mm) of precipitation for every year.
Temperatures in the high countries normal around 70 degrees Fahrenheit (21 degrees Celsius), while the coast and delta regions normal a steamy 90 degrees (32 Celsius).
Under British frontier principle, Burma was the wealthiest nation in Southeast Asia, flooded with rubies, oil, and important timber. Tragically, after many years of blunder by post-freedom tyrants, Myanmar has turned into one of the poorest countries on the planet.
Myanmar's economy relies on upon farming for 56% of GDP, administrations for 35%, and industry for an infinitesimal 8%. Send out items incorporate rice, oil, Burmese teak, rubies, jade, furthermore 8% of the world's aggregate illicit medications, generally opium and methamphetamines.
Assessments of the per capita wage are problematic, however it is likely about $230 US.
Myanmar's coin is the kyat. As of February, 2014, $1 US = 980 Burmese kyat.
History of Myanmar:
People have existed in what is presently Myanmar for no less than 15,000 years. Bronze Age antiquities have been found at Nyaunggan, and the Samon Valley was settled by rice agriculturalists as ahead of schedule as 500 BCE.
In the first century BCE, the Pyu individuals moved into northern Burma and secured 18 city-states, including Sri Ksetra, Binnaka, and Halingyi. The primary city, Sri Ksetra, was the force focal point of the locale from 90 to 656 CE. After the seventh century, it was supplanted by an adversary city, potentially Halingyi. This new capital was demolished by the Nanzhao kingdom in the mid-800s, wrapping the Pyu period up.
At the point when the Khmer Empire based at Angkor broadened its energy, the Mon individuals from Thailand were constrained west into Myanmar. They created kingdoms in southern Myanmar incorporating Thaton and Pegu in the sixth to eighth hundreds of years.
By 850, the Pyu individuals had been retained by an alternate gathering, the Bamar, who ruled a compelling kingdom with its capital at Bagan. The Bagan Kingdom gradually created in quality until it had the capacity overcome the Mon at Thaton in 1057, and unite all of Myanmar under one lord without precedent for history. The Bagan ruled until 1289, when their capital was caught by the Mongols.
After the fall of Bagan, Myanmar was separated into a few adversary states, including Ava and Bago.
Myanmar brought together again in 1527 under the Toungoo Dynasty, which managed focal Myanmar from 1486 to 1599. Toungoo over-arrived at, nonetheless, attempting to overcome more domain than its incomes could support, and it soon lost its grasp on a few neighboring regions. The state given way altogether in 1752, somewhat at the induction of French pioneer authorities.
The period somewhere around 1759 and 1824 saw Myanmar at the pinnacle of its energy under the Konbaung Dynasty.